Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2021 Population
152,396
0.687% 1-year growth
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2021 Median Age
38.2
0.792% 1-year increase
2021 Poverty Rate
19.1%
3.84% 1-year increase
2021 Median Household Income
$47,271
3.79% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$127,100
1.52% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
55,741
0.525% 1-year decline

About

In 2021, Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM had a population of 152k people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $47,271. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM grew from 151,356 to 152,396, a 0.687% increase and its median household income grew from $45,545 to $47,271, a 3.79% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM are White (Non-Hispanic) (44.5%), White (Hispanic) (29%), Two+ (Hispanic) (9.57%), Other (Hispanic) (7.4%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (3.25%).

28.2% of the households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

94.3% of the residents in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM are Olympian Academy of Cosmetology-Alamogordo Campus (404 degrees awarded in 2021), Eastern New Mexico University-Roswell Campus (363 degrees), and New Mexico State University-Alamogordo (123 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was $127,100, and the homeownership rate was 68.5%.

Most people in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM is home to a population of 152k people, from which 94.3% are citizens. As of 2021, 9.9% of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM residents were born outside of the country (15.1k people).

In 2021, there were 1.54 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (67.8k people) in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 44.2k White (Hispanic) and 14.6k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM are Spanish (36,061 households), Other Native Languages of North America (1,233 households), and Navajo (697 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
75,249
Women
49.4%
77,191
Men
50.6%

The resident population of United States in 2021 was 152,440 inhabitants, with 50.6% men, and 49.4% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

94.3%
2021 Citizenship
94%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 94.3% of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was 94%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    67.8k ± 395
  2. White (Hispanic)
    44.2k ± 1.97k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    14.6k ± 1.57k
46.7%
Hispanic Population
71.2k people

In 2021, there were 1.54 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (67.8k people) in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 44.2k White (Hispanic) and 14.6k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

46.7% of the people in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM are hispanic (71.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    12,235 ± 2,604 people
  2. Philippines
    683 ± 640 people
  3. Cuba
    290 ± 418 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 12,235 Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM residents, followed by Philippines with 683 and Cuba with 290.

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Foreign-Born Population

9.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
15.1k people
10.6%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
16.1k people

As of 2021, 9.9% of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM residents (15.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was 10.6%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    36,061 households (25.2%)
  2. Other Native Languages of North America
    1,233 households (0.863%)
  3. Navajo
    697 households (0.488%)

28.2% of the households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2021, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was Spanish. 25.2% of the households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,145 ± 493
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,623 ± 497
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,816 ± 306

Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.14 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM employs 55.7k people. The largest industries in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM are Elementary & secondary schools (4,614 people), Construction (4,010 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,988 people), and the highest paying industries are Scientific research & development services ($125,909), Petroleum refining ($105,070), and Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($102,844).

Males in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,544. The income inequality in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.423, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
27,216
Women
48.6%
28,819
Men
51.4%

The workforce of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM in 2020 was 56,035 people, with 48.6% woman, and 51.4% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM.

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Occupations

55.7k
2021 Value
−0.525%
1 Year decline
± −0.525%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM declined at a rate of −0.525%, from 56k employees to 55.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM, are Cashiers (2,127 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,712 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,520 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

55.7k
2021 Value
−0.525%
1 Year decline
± −0.525%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM declined at a rate of −0.525%, from 56k employees to 55.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,614 people), Construction (4,010 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,988 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM, though some of these residents may live in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$38,580
Median earning men ± $1,972
$24,638
Median earning women ± $1,412

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Public Administration ($61,438), Information ($58,243), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,019).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Manufacturing ($35,305), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($35,104), and Public Administration ($34,330).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New Mexico went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.36%).

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM awarded 1,078 degrees. The student population of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 1,720 male students and 2,663 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM are Hispanic or Latino (466 and 43.7%), followed by White (338 and 31.7%), Unknown (94 and 8.81%), and Black or African American (89 and 8.34%).

The largest universities in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM by number of degrees awarded are Olympian Academy of Cosmetology-Alamogordo Campus (404 and 37.5%), Eastern New Mexico University-Roswell Campus (363 and 33.7%), and New Mexico State University-Alamogordo (123 and 11.4%).

The most popular majors in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM are General Cosmetology (191 and 17.7%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (111 and 10.3%), and General Studies (88 and 8.16%).

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM, the percentage of applicants admitted was 40.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 83.6%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 4,383 (39.2% men and 60.8% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 4,383 students enrolled in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM, 39.2% men and 60.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 1,801 records, of which 63.4% were women and 36.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 84 degree-majors awarded
  2. 29 degree-majors awarded
  3. 111 degree-majors awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was General Studies with 84 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 404 degrees awarded
  2. 363 degrees awarded
  3. 123 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Olympian Academy of Cosmetology-Alamogordo Campus with 404 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 374 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM, which is 0.531 times less than the 704 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 466 degrees mean that there were 1.38 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 338 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 2-year ($2,020) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($288) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($1,170) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2021, 1.66% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.918% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (35.1k), Some college (32.3k), and Secondary Education (19.9k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was $127,100 in 2021, which is 0.519 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $125,200 to $127,100, a 1.52% increase. The homeownership rate in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM is 68.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM have an average commute time of 19.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM is $47,271. In 2021, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was Albuquerque City (Northwest Mesa), Paradise Hills & Navajo Nation-Tohajiilee Chapter PUMA, NM with a value of $74,028, followed by Albuquerque City (Far Northeast Heights) PUMA, NM and Sandoval County PUMA, NM, with respective values of $71,967 and $68,947.

Property

$127,100
Median Property Value 2021
±$7,094
$38,048
Median Property Taxes
±$1,497

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

68.5%
Homeownership
2021
69.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 68.5% of the housing units in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2021, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was Albuquerque City (Northwest Mesa), Paradise Hills & Navajo Nation-Tohajiilee Chapter PUMA, NM with a value of $74,028, followed by Albuquerque City (Far Northeast Heights) PUMA, NM and Sandoval County PUMA, NM, with respective values of $71,967 and $68,947.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$47,271
Median Household Income
± $1,836
55.6k
Number of Households
± 2,004

In 2021, the median household income of the 55.6k households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM grew to $47,271 from the previous year's value of $45,545.

The following chart displays the households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.423
2021 Wage GINI in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM
0.414
2020 Wage GINI in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM

In 2021, the income inequality in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was 0.423 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.17% growth from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (81.7%)
  2. Carpooled (9.84%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.99%)

In 2021, 81.7% of workers in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.84%) and those who worked at home (4.99%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM have a shorter commute time (19.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.86% of the workforce in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM (27.9k out of 146k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

90% of the population of Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM has health coverage, with 25.8% on employee plans, 32.5% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 14.3% on non-group plans, and 5.46% on military or VA plans.

Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.1% under 18 years, 19.7% between 18 and 34 years, 35.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.8% were men and 51.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10%
Uninsured
25.8%
Employer Coverage
32.5%
Medicaid
12%
Medicare
14.3%
Non-Group
5.46%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM declined by 0.906% from 10.1% to 10%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Central Southeast New Mexico PUMA, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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