Columbus, MS

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
58,547
0.606% 1-year decline
US Senator
Roger Wicker
Republican Party
US Senator
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
37.1
0.27% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
18.1%
8.31% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$53,687
8.11% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$155,300
9.21% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
23,827
0.489% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Columbus, MS had a population of 58.5k people with a median age of 37.1 and a median household income of $53,687. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Columbus, MS declined from 58,904 to 58,547, a −0.606% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,660 to $53,687, a 8.11% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbus, MS are White (Non-Hispanic) (50%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (44.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.1%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.852%).

None of the households in Columbus, MS reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.9% of the residents in Columbus, MS are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbus, MS are Mississippi University for Women (928 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Columbus, MS was $155,300, and the homeownership rate was 61.9%.

Most people in Columbus, MS drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus, MS was 2 cars per household.

Columbus, MS borders Starkville, MS, Tuscaloosa, AL, and West Point, MS.

About the photo: Somewhere a few miles southeast of Golden Triangle Regional Airport near Columbus, Mississippi.

Population & Diversity

Columbus, MS is home to a population of 58.5k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.31% of Columbus, MS residents were born outside of the country (1.36k people).

In 2022, there were 1.12 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (29.2k people) in Columbus, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 879 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.9%
2022 Citizenship
99.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.9% of Columbus, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Columbus, MS was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbus, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbus, MS
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    29.2k ± 182
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    26k ± 352
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    879 ± 363
2.42%
Hispanic Population
1.42k people

In 2022, there were 1.12 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (29.2k people) in Columbus, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 879 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.42% of the people in Columbus, MS are hispanic (1.42k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbus, MS as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    16,383 ± 3,134 people
  2. India
    5,084 ± 1,749 people
  3. Guatemala
    3,926 ± 1,537 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi was Mexico, the natal country of 16,383 Mississippi residents, followed by India with 5,084 and Guatemala with 3,926.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.31%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.36k people
1.79%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.05k people

As of 2022, 2.31% of Columbus, MS residents (1.36k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbus, MS was 1.79%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbus, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,223 ± 321
  2. Vietnam
    883 ± 171
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    717 ± 227

Columbus, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Columbus, MS employs 23.8k people. The largest industries in Columbus, MS are Manufacturing (3,807 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,513 people), and Retail Trade (3,090 people), and the highest paying industries are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($73,581), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($73,528), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,281).

Males in Mississippi have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,477. The income inequality in Mississippi (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

23.8k
2022 Value
± 1,306
−0.489%
1 Year decline
± 7.87%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbus, MS declined at a rate of −0.489%, from 23.9k employees to 23.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbus, MS, are Sales & Related Occupations (2,509 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,280 people), and Management Occupations (1,980 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbus, MS.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Mississippi (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

23.8k
2022 Value
± 1,306
−0.489%
1 Year decline
± 7.87%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbus, MS declined at a rate of −0.489%, from 23.9k employees to 23.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbus, MS, are Manufacturing (3,807 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,513 people), and Retail Trade (3,090 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbus, MS, though some of these residents may live in Columbus, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$50,219
Median earning men ± $5,440
$31,810
Median earning women ± $2,351

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($73,278), Public Administration ($71,304), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($62,059).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($75,282), Public Administration ($63,234), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,491).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Y-Axis
1.38%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.17M people employed in Mississippi. This represents a 1.38% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 12.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Mississippi.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 564
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 428
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 382
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Mississippi went to Donald J. Trump with 57.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (41.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.611%).

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Mississippi. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Mississippi

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Roger Wicker
Senator from Mississippi1
Assumed office on December 31, 2007
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Trent Lott.
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Senator from Mississippi2
Assumed office on April 9, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Thad Cochran.

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing Mississippi.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Mississippi over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Mississippi

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Mississippi have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Columbus, MS awarded 928 degrees. The student population of Columbus, MS in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 518 male students and 1,821 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbus, MS are White (547 and 59.5%), followed by Black or African American (346 and 37.6%), American Indian or Alaska Native (11 and 1.2%), and Asian (10 and 1.09%).

The largest universities in Columbus, MS by number of degrees awarded are Mississippi University for Women (928 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbus, MS are Registered Nursing (414 and 44.6%), General Business Administration & Management (130 and 14%), and Speech-Language Pathology (53 and 5.71%).

The median tuition cost in Columbus, MS for a public four year colleges is $7,766 for in-state students and $7,766 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Columbus, MS, the percentage of applicants admitted was 99.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 28%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 2,339 (22.1% men and 77.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 2,339 students enrolled in Columbus, MS, 22.1% men and 77.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,385 records, of which 74.9% were women and 25.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 111 degrees awarded
  2. 36 degrees awarded
  3. 379 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbus, MS was General Business Administration & Management with 111 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbus, MS according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
928 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Mississippi University for Women with 928 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 135 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbus, MS, which is 0.17 times less than the 793 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 547 degrees mean that there were 1.58 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 346 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($7,766) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($100) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Measure

In 2022, 1.04% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.852% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (690k), Some college (543k), and Secondary Education (397k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbus, MS was $155,300 in 2022, which is 0.551 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $142,200 to $155,300, a 9.21% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbus, MS is 61.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Columbus, MS have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbus, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Columbus, MS is $53,687. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Columbus, MS was DeSoto County, MS with a value of $79,666, followed by Madison County, MS and Rankin County, MS, with respective values of $79,105 and $76,460.

Property

$155,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,797
$14,011
Median Property Taxes
±$894

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Columbus, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

61.9%
Homeownership
2022
67.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 61.9% of the housing units in Columbus, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Columbus, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbus, MS was DeSoto County, MS with a value of $79,666, followed by Madison County, MS and Rankin County, MS, with respective values of $79,105 and $76,460.

The following map shows all of the counties in Columbus, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,687
Median Household Income
± $2,264
22.7k
Number of Households
± 1,163

In 2022, the median household income of the 22.7k households in Columbus, MS grew to $53,687 from the previous year's value of $49,660.

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbus, MS is from Mississippi.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Mississippi
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Mississippi

In 2022, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.553% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (86.5%)
  2. Carpooled (5.97%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.02%)

In 2022, 86.5% of workers in Columbus, MS drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (5.97%) and those who worked at home (5.02%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbus, MS have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.08% of the workforce in Columbus, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbus, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbus, MS have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbus, MS (10.2k out of 56.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbus, MS is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

89.4% of the population of Columbus, MS has health coverage, with 43.3% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 3.3% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see 1860 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.59% decrease from the previous year (1890 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2031 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 543 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
1,860 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mississippi

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1,860 patients per year. This represents a 1.59% decrease from the previous year (1,890 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.5% under 18 years, 21.2% between 18 and 34 years, 36.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46% were men and 54% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.6%
Uninsured
43.3%
Employer Coverage
17.7%
Medicaid
12.1%
Medicare
13%
Non-Group
3.3%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbus, MS declined by 10.4% from 11.8% to 10.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbus, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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