Essex County, MA

County

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2022 Population
806,103
0.187% 1-year growth
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
40.9
0.245% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
9.72%
1.4% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$94,378
8.88% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$535,300
15.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
421,898
0.491% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Essex County, MA had a population of 806k people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $94,378. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Essex County, MA grew from 804,598 to 806,103, a 0.187% increase and its median household income grew from $86,684 to $94,378, a 8.88% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Essex County, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (66.9%), Other (Hispanic) (10.9%), White (Hispanic) (5.43%), Two+ (Hispanic) (5.23%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.44%).

None of the households in Essex County, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

91.8% of the residents in Essex County, MA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Essex County, MA are Salem State University (1,915 degrees awarded in 2022), Merrimack College (166850) (1,780 degrees), and Endicott College (1,254 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Essex County, MA was $535,300, and the homeownership rate was 63.7%.

Most people in Essex County, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 29.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Essex County, MA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Whale watching in Gloucester

Population & Diversity

Essex County, MA is home to a population of 806k people, from which 91.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 18.5% of Essex County, MA residents were born outside of the country (149k people).

In 2022, there were 6.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (539k people) in Essex County, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 87.6k Other (Hispanic) and 43.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

91.8%
2022 Citizenship
92.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 91.8% of Essex County, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Essex County, MA was 92.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Essex County, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Essex County, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    539k ± 1.52k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    87.6k ± 3.19k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    43.8k ± 2.68k
22.7%
Hispanic Population
183k people

In 2022, there were 6.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (539k people) in Essex County, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 87.6k Other (Hispanic) and 43.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

22.7% of the people in Essex County, MA are hispanic (183k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Essex County, MA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
Most Common Origin
  1. China
    102,973 ± 7,820 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    99,956 ± 7,706 people
  3. Brazil
    93,519 ± 7,457 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 102,973 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 99,956 and Brazil with 93,519.

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Foreign-Born Population

18.5%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
149k people
18%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
145k people

As of 2022, 18.5% of Essex County, MA residents (149k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Essex County, MA was 18%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Essex County, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    10,040 ± 635
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,978 ± 573
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,342 ± 525

Essex County, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Essex County, MA employs 422k people. The largest industries in Essex County, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (65,800 people), Retail Trade (45,272 people), and Manufacturing (44,980 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($116,207), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($93,962), and Utilities ($91,461).

Males in Massachusetts have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $81,902. The income inequality in Massachusetts (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

422k
2022 Value
± 5,176
0.491%
1 Year growth
± 1.75%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Essex County, MA grew at a rate of 0.491%, from 420k employees to 422k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Essex County, MA, are Management Occupations (54,668 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (43,025 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (40,934 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Essex County, MA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

422k
2022 Value
± 5,176
0.491%
1 Year growth
± 1.75%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Essex County, MA grew at a rate of 0.491%, from 420k employees to 422k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Essex County, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (65,800 people), Retail Trade (45,272 people), and Manufacturing (44,980 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Essex County, MA, though some of these residents may live in Essex County, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$64,733
Median earning men ± $1,369
$45,684
Median earning women ± $803

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($104,633), Information ($95,774), and Public Administration ($88,858).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($74,289), Public Administration ($67,240), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($65,879).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Y-Axis
2.61%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.67M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a 2.61% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 17.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 7,605
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 4,777
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 3,831
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Essex County, MA went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 62.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.1%), followed by Other (1.7%).

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Essex County, MA awarded 8,252 degrees. The student population of Essex County, MA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 11,313 male students and 18,056 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Essex County, MA are White (5,345 and 66.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,382 and 17.1%), Black or African American (488 and 6.06%), and Unknown (311 and 3.86%).

The largest universities in Essex County, MA by number of degrees awarded are Salem State University (1,915 and 23.2%), Merrimack College (166850) (1,780 and 21.6%), and Endicott College (1,254 and 15.2%).

The most popular majors in Essex County, MA are Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (534 and 6.47%), General Business Administration & Management (429 and 5.2%), and Registered Nursing (337 and 4.08%).

The median tuition costs in Essex County, MA are $36,200 for private four year colleges, and $910 and $7,050 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Essex County, MA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 16.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 29,369 (38.5% men and 61.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 29,369 students enrolled in Essex County, MA, 38.5% men and 61.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 17,218 records, of which 62.1% were women and 37.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 251 degrees awarded
  2. 232 degrees awarded
  3. 257 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Essex County, MA was General Business Administration & Management with 251 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Essex County, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,915 degrees awarded
  2. 1,780 degrees awarded
  3. 1,254 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Salem State University with 1,915 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,227 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Essex County, MA, which is 0.642 times less than the 5,025 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 5,345 degrees mean that there were 3.87 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,382 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($36,200) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($11,068) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Measure

In 2022, 1.17% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.24% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (1.35M), High School or Equivalent (1.34M), and Graduate Degree (1.03M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Essex County, MA was $535,300 in 2022, which is 1.9 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $462,900 to $535,300, a 15.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Essex County, MA is 63.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Essex County, MA have an average commute time of 29.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Essex County, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Essex County, MA is $94,378. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Essex County, MA was Census Tract 2532.05 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 2543.01 and Census Tract 2544.03, with respective values of $250,001 and $219,167.

In 2022, 19.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Essex County, MA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.826%.

Property

$535,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,970
$197,371
Median Property Taxes
±$2,955

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Essex County, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

63.7%
Homeownership
2022
62.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 63.7% of the housing units in Essex County, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Essex County, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 2532.05
  2. Census Tract 2543.01
  3. Census Tract 2544.03

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Essex County, MA was Census Tract 2532.05 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 2543.01 and Census Tract 2544.03, with respective values of $250,001 and $219,167.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Essex County, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$94,378
Median Household Income
± $1,325
310k
Number of Households
± 4,462

In 2022, the median household income of the 310k households in Essex County, MA grew to $94,378 from the previous year's value of $86,684.

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Essex County, MA is from Massachusetts.
0.48
2022 Wage GINI in Massachusetts
0.48
2021 Wage GINI in Massachusetts

In 2022, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.047% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (70.4%)
  2. Worked At Home (12.7%)
  3. Carpooled (7.6%)

In 2022, 70.4% of workers in Essex County, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (12.7%) and those who carpooled to work (7.6%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

29.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Essex County, MA have a longer commute time (29.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.8% of the workforce in Essex County, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Essex County, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Essex County, MA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 19.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Essex County, MA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.826%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

9.72% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Essex County, MA (76.9k out of 790k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Essex County, MA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 11.2% of the children was living in poverty in Essex County, MA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 5.9%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 368 in Essex County, MA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 8.37 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

97.1% of the population of Essex County, MA has health coverage, with 51% on employee plans, 21.2% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 0.586% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Essex County, MA see 1384 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.22% increase from the previous year (1354 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1090 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 161 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,384 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Essex County, MA

Primary care physicians in Essex County, MA see an average of 1,384 patients per year. This represents a 2.22% increase from the previous year (1,354 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Essex County, MA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.6% under 18 years, 20.2% between 18 and 34 years, 40% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

2.94%
Uninsured
51%
Employer Coverage
21.2%
Medicaid
11.7%
Medicare
12.6%
Non-Group
0.586%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Essex County, MA declined by 2.62% from 3.02% to 2.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Essex County, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 29.3 in Essex County, MA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, MA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 26.4% in Essex County, MA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, MA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 3.87% in Essex County, MA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, MA.

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