Jefferson County, IL

County

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2022 Population
37,043
0.854% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41.2
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
14.1%
6.33% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$58,384
6.75% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$115,000
12.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
16,356
0.982% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Jefferson County, IL had a population of 37k people with a median age of 41.2 and a median household income of $58,384. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jefferson County, IL declined from 37,362 to 37,043, a −0.854% decrease and its median household income grew from $54,692 to $58,384, a 6.75% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.89%), Two+ (Hispanic) (1.36%), and White (Hispanic) (1.17%).

None of the households in Jefferson County, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.4% of the residents in Jefferson County, IL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IL are Rend Lake College (1,245 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Jefferson County, IL was $115,000, and the homeownership rate was 72%.

Most people in Jefferson County, IL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, IL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Jefferson County, IL is home to a population of 37k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.65% of Jefferson County, IL residents were born outside of the country (610 people).

In 2022, there were 13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (31.2k people) in Jefferson County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.41k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.81k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.4%
2022 Citizenship
99.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.4% of Jefferson County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, IL was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    31.2k ± 199
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.41k ± 255
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.81k ± 340
2.92%
Hispanic Population
1.08k people

In 2022, there were 13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (31.2k people) in Jefferson County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.41k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.81k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.92% of the people in Jefferson County, IL are hispanic (1.08k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    622,347 ± 18,890 people
  2. India
    165,336 ± 9,918 people
  3. Poland
    123,006 ± 8,569 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 622,347 Illinois residents, followed by India with 165,336 and Poland with 123,006.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.65%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
610 people
1.85%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
692 people

As of 2022, 1.65% of Jefferson County, IL residents (610 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, IL was 1.85%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    787 ± 101
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    433 ± 122
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    306 ± 82

Jefferson County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, IL employs 16.4k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,792 people), Manufacturing (2,610 people), and Retail Trade (1,880 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,000), Utilities ($61,985), and Information ($61,250).

Males in Illinois have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $66,581. The income inequality in Illinois (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

16.4k
2022 Value
± 688
0.982%
1 Year growth
± 5.89%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jefferson County, IL grew at a rate of 0.982%, from 16.2k employees to 16.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,782 people), Production Occupations (1,700 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,368 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

16.4k
2022 Value
± 688
0.982%
1 Year growth
± 5.89%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jefferson County, IL grew at a rate of 0.982%, from 16.2k employees to 16.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,792 people), Manufacturing (2,610 people), and Retail Trade (1,880 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,704
Median earning men ± $1,515
$29,428
Median earning women ± $1,174

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($70,729), Public Administration ($67,366), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($61,250).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($68,068), Information ($57,813), and Public Administration ($41,895).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
2.47%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 2.47% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 456
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 252
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 208
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, IL went to Donald J. Trump with 71.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (26.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.23%).

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Illinois have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jefferson County, IL awarded 1,245 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, IL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 863 male students and 1,154 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, IL are White (1,135 and 91.2%), followed by Black or African American (43 and 3.45%), Two or More Races (27 and 2.17%), and Hispanic or Latino (24 and 1.93%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Rend Lake College (1,245 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, IL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (310 and 24.9%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (128 and 10.3%), and Biological & Physical Sciences (116 and 9.32%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 2,017 students enrolled in Jefferson County, IL, 42.8% men and 57.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,822 records, of which 56.9% were women and 43.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 161 degrees awarded
  2. 116 degrees awarded
  3. 43 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jefferson County, IL was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 161 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jefferson County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
1,245 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Rend Lake College with 1,245 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 586 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, IL, which is 0.889 times less than the 659 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,135 degrees mean that there were 26.4 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 43 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($5,250) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,200) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,800) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Measure

In 2022, 1.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.01% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.62M), Some college (2.15M), and Bachelors Degree (2.1M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, IL was $115,000 in 2022, which is 0.408 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $102,200 to $115,000, a 12.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, IL is 72%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jefferson County, IL have an average commute time of 19.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jefferson County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jefferson County, IL is $58,384. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, IL was Census Tract 508 with a value of $70,217, followed by Census Tract 503 and Census Tract 501, with respective values of $69,548 and $66,610.

In 2022, 13.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, IL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.671%.

Property

$115,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,404
$10,638
Median Property Taxes
±$482

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jefferson County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

72%
Homeownership
2022
63%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 72% of the housing units in Jefferson County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jefferson County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 508
  2. Census Tract 503
  3. Census Tract 501

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, IL was Census Tract 508 with a value of $70,217, followed by Census Tract 503 and Census Tract 501, with respective values of $69,548 and $66,610.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$58,384
Median Household Income
± $2,185
14.8k
Number of Households
± 673

In 2022, the median household income of the 14.8k households in Jefferson County, IL grew to $58,384 from the previous year's value of $54,692.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, IL is from Illinois.
0.477
2022 Wage GINI in Illinois
0.478
2021 Wage GINI in Illinois

In 2022, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.371% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Illinois was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (81.9%)
  2. Carpooled (10.7%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.75%)

In 2022, 81.9% of workers in Jefferson County, IL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.7%) and those who worked at home (4.75%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, IL have a shorter commute time (19.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.56% of the workforce in Jefferson County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, IL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 13.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, IL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.671%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

14.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, IL (4.98k out of 35.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 18.8% of the children was living in poverty in Jefferson County, IL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 6.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 603 in Jefferson County, IL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 46.2 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

92.9% of the population of Jefferson County, IL has health coverage, with 41.8% on employee plans, 22.7% on Medicaid, 15% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.71% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IL see 1570 patients per year on average, which represents a 8.67% decrease from the previous year (1719 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1773 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 380 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.1% were men and 50.9% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,570 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, IL

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IL see an average of 1,570 patients per year. This represents a 8.67% decrease from the previous year (1,719 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.5% under 18 years, 18.3% between 18 and 34 years, 37.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.1% were men and 50.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.07%
Uninsured
41.8%
Employer Coverage
22.7%
Medicaid
15%
Medicare
11.7%
Non-Group
1.71%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, IL grew by 0.266% from 7.05% to 7.07%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 77.5 in Jefferson County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, IL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.3% in Jefferson County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, IL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 7.3% in Jefferson County, IL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, IL.

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