Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
137,203
1.28% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41.1
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
4.16%
9.45% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$132,764
11.5% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$449,900
15.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
69,669
3.53% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD had a population of 137k people with a median age of 41.1 and a median household income of $132,764. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD grew from 135,466 to 137,203, a 1.28% increase and its median household income grew from $119,102 to $132,764, a 11.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (78.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.46%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.38%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.92%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (3.41%).

10.6% of the households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.4% of the residents in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD are Mount St. Mary's University (747 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was $449,900, and the homeownership rate was 86.8%.

Most people in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 35.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD is home to a population of 137k people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 8.16% of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD residents were born outside of the country (11.2k people).

In 2022, there were 14.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (108k people) in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.49k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.01k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD are Spanish (5,356 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (1,101 households), and French (Incl. Cajun) (650 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
67,507
Women
49.2%
69,620
Men
50.8%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 137,127 inhabitants, with 50.8% men, and 49.2% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

97.4%
2022 Citizenship
97.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.4% of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    108k ± 1.85k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    7.49k ± 915
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    6.01k ± 597
7.2%
Hispanic Population
9.88k people

In 2022, there were 14.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (108k people) in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.49k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.01k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.2% of the people in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD are hispanic (9.88k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    1,074 ± 801 people
  2. El Salvador
    921 ± 743 people
  3. China
    824 ± 703 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was India, the natal country of 1,074 Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD residents, followed by El Salvador with 921 and China with 824.

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Foreign-Born Population

8.16%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
11.2k people
7.51%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
10.2k people

As of 2022, 8.16% of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD residents (11.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was 7.51%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    5,356 households (4.12%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    1,101 households (0.846%)
  3. French (Incl. Cajun)
    650 households (0.499%)

10.6% of the households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was Spanish. 4.12% of the households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,557 ± 350
  2. Vietnam
    2,157 ± 254
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,421 ± 292

Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.19 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD employs 69.7k people. The largest industries in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD are Construction (6,792 people), Elementary & secondary schools (5,568 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,286 people), and the highest paying industries are Air transportation ($238,816), Legal services ($171,682), and Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturing ($158,463).

Males in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $79,205. The income inequality in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.448, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
30,264
Women
46.3%
35,167
Men
53.7%

The workforce of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD in 2020 was 65,431 people, with 46.3% woman, and 53.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD.

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Occupations

69.7k
2022 Value
3.53%
1 Year growth
± 3.53%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD grew at a rate of 3.53%, from 67.3k employees to 69.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD, are Other managers (2,967 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,900 people), and Software developers (1,366 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

69.7k
2022 Value
3.53%
1 Year growth
± 3.53%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD grew at a rate of 3.53%, from 67.3k employees to 69.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD, are Construction (6,792 people), Elementary & secondary schools (5,568 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,286 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD, though some of these residents may live in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$77,979
Median earning men ± $3,491
$51,430
Median earning women ± $2,863

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($125,844), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($121,960), and Public Administration ($109,079).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($109,007), Wholesale Trade ($95,015), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($75,913).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Y-Axis
0.617%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.69M people employed in Maryland. This represents a 0.617% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maryland.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Maryland went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (32.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.1%).

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maryland have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD awarded 747 degrees. The student population of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,204 male students and 1,252 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD are White (485 and 65.8%), followed by Black or African American (98 and 13.3%), Hispanic or Latino (80 and 10.9%), and Two or More Races (32 and 4.34%).

The largest universities in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD by number of degrees awarded are Mount St. Mary's University (747 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD are General Business (106 and 14.2%), General Business Administration & Management (78 and 10.4%), and Criminology (40 and 5.35%).

The median tuition cost in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD for private four year colleges is $44,330.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 13.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 2,456 (49% men and 51% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 2,456 students enrolled in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD, 49% men and 51% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,390 records, of which 49.2% were women and 50.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 40 degrees awarded
  2. 30 degrees awarded
  3. 106 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was Criminology with 40 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
747 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Mount St. Mary's University with 747 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 381 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD, which is 1.04 times more than the 366 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 485 degrees mean that there were 4.95 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 98 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($44,330) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,540) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,300) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.519% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.484% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (27.7k), Bachelors Degree (23.4k), and Some college (21.9k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was $449,900 in 2022, which is 1.6 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $388,800 to $449,900, a 15.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD is 86.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD have an average commute time of 35.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD is $132,764. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was South Montgomery County--South Bethesda & Chevy Chase PUMA, MD with a value of $195,376, followed by West Howard County--Ellicott City (North & West), Fulton & Highland PUMA, MD and North Montgomery County--Olney, Damascus & Darnestown PUMA, MD, with respective values of $169,655 and $168,773.

Property

$449,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,583
$41,046
Median Property Taxes
±$1,083

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

86.8%
Homeownership
2022
68.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 86.8% of the housing units in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 86.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was South Montgomery County--South Bethesda & Chevy Chase PUMA, MD with a value of $195,376, followed by West Howard County--Ellicott City (North & West), Fulton & Highland PUMA, MD and North Montgomery County--Olney, Damascus & Darnestown PUMA, MD, with respective values of $169,655 and $168,773.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$132,764
Median Household Income
± $3,160
47.3k
Number of Households
± 1,372

In 2022, the median household income of the 47.3k households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD grew to $132,764 from the previous year's value of $119,102.

The following chart displays the households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

0.448
2022 Wage GINI in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD
0.441
2021 Wage GINI in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD

In 2022, the income inequality in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was 0.448 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.58% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (72.7%)
  2. Worked At Home (17.5%)
  3. Carpooled (6.86%)

In 2022, 72.7% of workers in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (17.5%) and those who carpooled to work (6.86%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

35.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD have a longer commute time (35.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 6.01% of the workforce in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

4.16% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD (5.62k out of 135k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.8% of the population of Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD has health coverage, with 64.5% on employee plans, 8.23% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 1.64% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Maryland see 1118 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.974% decrease from the previous year (1129 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1256 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 335 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
1,118 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Maryland

Primary care physicians in Maryland see an average of 1,118 patients per year. This represents a 0.974% decrease from the previous year (1,129 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maryland in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.8% under 18 years, 17.4% between 18 and 34 years, 42% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.4% were men and 49.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.21%
Uninsured
64.5%
Employer Coverage
8.23%
Medicaid
11.9%
Medicare
10.5%
Non-Group
1.64%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD declined by 4.1% from 3.34% to 3.21%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Outer Frederick County PUMA, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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