Polk County, AR

County

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2022 Population
19,384
0.472% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Boozman
Republican Party
US Senator
Tom Cotton
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
44.4
0.226% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
17.8%
15% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$48,449
11.5% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$120,800
11.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
7,664
2.65% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Polk County, AR had a population of 19.4k people with a median age of 44.4 and a median household income of $48,449. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Polk County, AR declined from 19,476 to 19,384, a −0.472% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,444 to $48,449, a 11.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Polk County, AR are White (Non-Hispanic) (87.1%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.84%), White (Hispanic) (2.91%), Other (Hispanic) (2.5%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (1.5%).

None of the households in Polk County, AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.5% of the residents in Polk County, AR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Polk County, AR are University of Arkansas Community College Rich Mountain (462 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Polk County, AR was $120,800, and the homeownership rate was 79.9%.

Most people in Polk County, AR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Polk County, AR was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Polk County, AR is home to a population of 19.4k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.46% of Polk County, AR residents were born outside of the country (671 people).

In 2022, there were 22.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (16.9k people) in Polk County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 745 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 565 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.5%
2022 Citizenship
97.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.5% of Polk County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Polk County, AR was 97.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Polk County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Polk County, AR
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    16.9k ± 83
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    745 ± 120
  3. White (Hispanic)
    565 ± 143
6.64%
Hispanic Population
1.29k people

In 2022, there were 22.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (16.9k people) in Polk County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 745 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 565 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.64% of the people in Polk County, AR are hispanic (1.29k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Polk County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    62,018 ± 6,050 people
  2. El Salvador
    15,360 ± 3,035 people
  3. India
    9,985 ± 2,449 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,018 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 15,360 and India with 9,985.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.46%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
671 people
4.05%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
789 people

As of 2022, 3.46% of Polk County, AR residents (671 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Polk County, AR was 4.05%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Polk County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    813 ± 138
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    196 ± 92
  3. Korea
    76 ± 61

Polk County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Polk County, AR employs 7.66k people. The largest industries in Polk County, AR are Manufacturing (1,187 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,088 people), and Retail Trade (1,037 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($55,288), Manufacturing ($51,644), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($49,833).

Males in Arkansas have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,335. The income inequality in Arkansas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

7.66k
2022 Value
± 583
2.65%
1 Year growth
± 10.8%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Polk County, AR grew at a rate of 2.65%, from 7.47k employees to 7.66k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Polk County, AR, are Management Occupations (808 people), Production Occupations (742 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (648 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Polk County, AR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arkansas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

7.66k
2022 Value
± 583
2.65%
1 Year growth
± 10.8%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Polk County, AR grew at a rate of 2.65%, from 7.47k employees to 7.66k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Polk County, AR, are Manufacturing (1,187 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,088 people), and Retail Trade (1,037 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Polk County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Polk County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$39,565
Median earning men ± $3,411
$24,771
Median earning women ± $2,327

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($54,792), Manufacturing ($53,810), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($49,146).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($70,240), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($68,182), and Manufacturing ($39,583).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Y-Axis
2.24%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.35M people employed in Arkansas. This represents a 2.24% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.69%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arkansas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 147
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 114
    Manufacturing
  3. 106
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Polk County, AR went to Donald J. Trump with 82.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (14.7%), followed by Other (1.48%).

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing the state of Arkansas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arkansas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
John Boozman
Senator from Arkansas3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tom Cotton
Senator from Arkansas2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing Arkansas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arkansas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arkansas

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arkansas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Polk County, AR awarded 462 degrees. The student population of Polk County, AR in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 254 male students and 425 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Polk County, AR are White (357 and 80.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (53 and 11.9%), Two or More Races (12 and 2.7%), and Black or African American (8 and 1.8%).

The largest universities in Polk County, AR by number of degrees awarded are University of Arkansas Community College Rich Mountain (462 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Polk County, AR are General Studies (166 and 35.9%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (66 and 14.3%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (29 and 6.28%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 679 students enrolled in Polk County, AR, 37.4% men and 62.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 553 records, of which 64.9% were women and 35.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 66 degrees awarded
  2. 61 degrees awarded
  3. 21 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Polk County, AR was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 66 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Polk County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
462 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arkansas Community College Rich Mountain with 462 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 152 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Polk County, AR, which is 0.49 times less than the 310 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 357 degrees mean that there were 6.74 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 53 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($2,376) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,344) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($840) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Measure

In 2022, 0.946% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.851% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (793k), Some college (528k), and Secondary Education (350k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Polk County, AR was $120,800 in 2022, which is 0.429 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $108,100 to $120,800, a 11.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Polk County, AR is 79.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Polk County, AR have an average commute time of 21.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Polk County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Polk County, AR is $48,449. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Polk County, AR was Census Tract 9504 with a value of $52,553, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9506, with respective values of $49,797 and $49,464.

In 2022, 17.4% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Polk County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 4.97%.

Property

$120,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$11,722
$6,165
Median Property Taxes
±$451

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Polk County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Polk County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

79.9%
Homeownership
2022
71.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 79.9% of the housing units in Polk County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Polk County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9504
  2. Census Tract 9505
  3. Census Tract 9506

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Polk County, AR was Census Tract 9504 with a value of $52,553, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9506, with respective values of $49,797 and $49,464.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Polk County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,449
Median Household Income
± $4,945
7.72k
Number of Households
± 579

In 2022, the median household income of the 7.72k households in Polk County, AR grew to $48,449 from the previous year's value of $43,444.

The following chart displays the households in Polk County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Polk County, AR is from Arkansas.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Arkansas
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Arkansas

In 2022, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.376% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.2%)
  2. Carpooled (14.1%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.72%)

In 2022, 78.2% of workers in Polk County, AR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (14.1%) and those who worked at home (4.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Polk County, AR have a shorter commute time (21.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.1% of the workforce in Polk County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Polk County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Polk County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Polk County, AR have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 17.4% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Polk County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 4.97%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Polk County, AR (3.39k out of 19.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Polk County, AR is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 28.1% of the children was living in poverty in Polk County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 8.4%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 297 in Polk County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 2.4 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

90.5% of the population of Polk County, AR has health coverage, with 28.2% on employee plans, 26.7% on Medicaid, 15.3% on Medicare, 17.3% on non-group plans, and 3.04% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Polk County, AR see 1248 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.66% decrease from the previous year (1337 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2190 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1095 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,248 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Polk County, AR

Primary care physicians in Polk County, AR see an average of 1,248 patients per year. This represents a 6.66% decrease from the previous year (1,337 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Polk County, AR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24% under 18 years, 16.3% between 18 and 34 years, 37.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 22.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.51%
Uninsured
28.2%
Employer Coverage
26.7%
Medicaid
15.3%
Medicare
17.3%
Non-Group
3.04%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Polk County, AR declined by 6.88% from 10.2% to 9.51%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Polk County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 77.2 in Polk County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, AR.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 35.3% in Polk County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, AR.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 14.8% in Polk County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, AR.

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