Union County, PA

County

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2022 Population
42,908
0.432% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bob Casey Jr.
Democratic Party
US Senator
John Fetterman
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
39.7
0.253% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
10.8%
13.1% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$64,914
5.03% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$210,300
9.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
16,876
1.45% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Union County, PA had a population of 42.9k people with a median age of 39.7 and a median household income of $64,914. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Union County, PA declined from 43,094 to 42,908, a −0.432% decrease and its median household income grew from $61,807 to $64,914, a 5.03% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (85.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.28%), White (Hispanic) (3.31%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.24%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.939%).

None of the households in Union County, PA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98% of the residents in Union County, PA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County, PA are Bucknell University (1,094 degrees awarded in 2022) and Miller-Motte College-McCann-Lewisburg (93 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Union County, PA was $210,300, and the homeownership rate was 71.7%.

Most people in Union County, PA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, PA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Union County, PA is home to a population of 42.9k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.05% of Union County, PA residents were born outside of the country (1.31k people).

In 2022, there were 13.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (36.7k people) in Union County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.69k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.42k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98%
2022 Citizenship
98.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98% of Union County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, PA was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, PA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    36.7k ± 131
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.69k ± 173
  3. White (Hispanic)
    1.42k ± 230
5.61%
Hispanic Population
2.41k people

In 2022, there were 13.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (36.7k people) in Union County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.69k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.42k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.61% of the people in Union County, PA are hispanic (2.41k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    99,082 ± 7,698 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    90,229 ± 7,349 people
  3. China
    69,880 ± 6,473 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 99,082 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 90,229 and China with 69,880.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.05%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.31k people
3.34%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.44k people

As of 2022, 3.05% of Union County, PA residents (1.31k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, PA was 3.34%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    909 ± 172
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    385 ± 104
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    296 ± 109

Union County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Union County, PA employs 16.9k people. The largest industries in Union County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,271 people), Educational Services (2,762 people), and Manufacturing (2,144 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($67,634), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($66,958), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,458).

Males in Pennsylvania have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,610. The income inequality in Pennsylvania (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

16.9k
2022 Value
± 868
1.45%
1 Year growth
± 7.2%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, PA grew at a rate of 1.45%, from 16.6k employees to 16.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,070 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,806 people), and Management Occupations (1,579 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, PA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

16.9k
2022 Value
± 868
1.45%
1 Year growth
± 7.2%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, PA grew at a rate of 1.45%, from 16.6k employees to 16.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,271 people), Educational Services (2,762 people), and Manufacturing (2,144 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Union County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$53,764
Median earning men ± $2,895
$32,269
Median earning women ± $2,690

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($81,346), Public Administration ($73,500), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($68,509).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($58,365), Public Administration ($45,870), and Manufacturing ($38,679).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Y-Axis
2.78%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Pennsylvania. This represents a 2.78% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 18.1%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Pennsylvania.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 509
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 225
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 180
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, PA went to Donald J. Trump with 61.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.41%).

Bob Casey Jr. and John Fetterman are the senators currently representing the state of Pennsylvania. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Pennsylvania

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Bob Casey Jr.
Senator from Pennsylvania1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
John Fetterman
Senator from Pennsylvania3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Bob Casey Jr. and John Fetterman are the senators currently representing Pennsylvania.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Pennsylvania over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Pennsylvania have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Union County, PA awarded 1,187 degrees. The student population of Union County, PA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,825 male students and 2,106 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County, PA are White (878 and 78%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (79 and 7.02%), Two or More Races (70 and 6.22%), and Asian (53 and 4.71%).

The largest universities in Union County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Bucknell University (1,094 and 92.2%) and Miller-Motte College-McCann-Lewisburg (93 and 7.83%).

The most popular majors in Union County, PA are General Economics (106 and 8.93%), General Political Science & Government (97 and 8.17%), and General Psychology (94 and 7.92%).

The median tuition cost in Union County, PA for private four year colleges is $61,408.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Union County, PA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 32.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 27.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 3,931 (46.4% men and 53.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 3,931 students enrolled in Union County, PA, 46.4% men and 53.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,951 records, of which 53.7% were women and 46.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 106 degrees awarded
  2. 97 degrees awarded
  3. 93 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Union County, PA was General Economics with 106 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Union County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,094 degrees awarded
  2. 93 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bucknell University with 1,094 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 473 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County, PA, which is 0.662 times less than the 714 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 878 degrees mean that there were 11.1 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 79 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($61,408) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($338) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($900) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Measure

In 2022, 0.733% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.743% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (3.5M), Bachelors Degree (1.98M), and Some college (1.83M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, PA was $210,300 in 2022, which is 0.746 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $191,700 to $210,300, a 9.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, PA is 71.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Union County, PA have an average commute time of 18.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, PA is $64,914. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, PA was Census Tract 9808 with a value of $149,231, followed by Census Tract 906 and Census Tract 904, with respective values of $105,735 and $78,621.

In 2022, 12.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, PA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.0134%.

Property

$210,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,438
$10,156
Median Property Taxes
±$660

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

71.7%
Homeownership
2022
60.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 71.7% of the housing units in Union County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9808
  2. Census Tract 906
  3. Census Tract 904

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, PA was Census Tract 9808 with a value of $149,231, followed by Census Tract 906 and Census Tract 904, with respective values of $105,735 and $78,621.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$64,914
Median Household Income
± $4,753
14.2k
Number of Households
± 832

In 2022, the median household income of the 14.2k households in Union County, PA grew to $64,914 from the previous year's value of $61,807.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, PA is from Pennsylvania.
0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania
0.467
2021 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania

In 2022, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.123% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (74%)
  2. Walked (8.49%)
  3. Carpooled (8.35%)

In 2022, 74% of workers in Union County, PA drove alone to work, followed by those who walked to work (8.49%) and those who carpooled to work (8.35%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, PA have a shorter commute time (18.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.04% of the workforce in Union County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, PA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 12.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Union County, PA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.0134%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

10.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, PA (3.73k out of 34.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 11.5% of the children was living in poverty in Union County, PA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 4.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 66.9 in Union County, PA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 28.6 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

89.9% of the population of Union County, PA has health coverage, with 50.7% on employee plans, 10.3% on Medicaid, 16.3% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 0.56% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Union County, PA see 1070 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.69% increase from the previous year (1042 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1704 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 661 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.8% were men and 51.2% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,070 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, PA

Primary care physicians in Union County, PA see an average of 1,070 patients per year. This represents a 2.69% increase from the previous year (1,042 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, PA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.6% under 18 years, 22.7% between 18 and 34 years, 33.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 20% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.8% were men and 51.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.1%
Uninsured
50.7%
Employer Coverage
10.3%
Medicaid
16.3%
Medicare
12.1%
Non-Group
0.56%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, PA declined by 1.24% from 10.2% to 10.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 34.5 in Union County, PA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, PA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.1% in Union County, PA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, PA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.41% in Union County, PA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, PA.

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